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Prinosi korena organske cvekle i rotkve gajenih u čistom i združenom usevu

dc.creatorUgrinović, Milan
dc.creatorZečević, Bogoljub
dc.creatorGirek, Zdenka
dc.creatorPavlović, Suzana
dc.creatorKrga, Ivan
dc.creatorDamnjanović, Jelena
dc.creatorBrdar-Jokanović, Milka
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-07T12:27:30Z
dc.date.available2021-06-07T12:27:30Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn1821-3944
dc.identifier.urihttp://RIVeC.institut-palanka.rs/handle/123456789/211
dc.description.abstractDespite numerous positive effects on the environment, increased demands, intense research, and adequate public attention, crops grown according to the principles of organic production still occupy considerably small areas. It is difficult for certified producers to decide to expand the production of certified organic vegetables. One of the reasons is the insufficiently developed growing technology of different vegetable species in accordance with the law and regulations on organic production. Intercropping, growing of subsequent crops, and application of microbiological fertilizers are considered as the most useful techniques for yield increases in sustainable growing practices. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibilities for enhancing root yield of beetroot and radish, when grown as second crops in an organic double-cropping production system. The effects of intercropping and applying microbial fertilizers on the vegetable root weights were assessed. Intercropping was with green beans, implemented by replacement series method. Two microbial fertilizers were applied, one containing selected strains of Bacillus megatherium, B. licheniformis, B. suptilis, Azotobacter chrocoocum, A. vinelandi and Derxia sp. (M1), and other with Bacillus subtilis, Azotobacter sp., Penicillium oxalicum and Fusarium sp. (M2). Intercropping and microbial fertilizers contributed to the root weight increase. The highest root weights were noted for the intercropped plants treated with M1 (beetroot, 151.8 g) and M2 (radish, 351.0 g), which was 23.5% and 15.5% higher than in the sole crop unfertilized control. The results imply combining intercropping and the appropriate microbial fertilizers as an effective strategy for increasing yields of organically grown beetroot and radish.en
dc.description.abstractUprkos brojnim pozitivnim efektima na životnu sredinu, povećanoj tražnji, intenzivnim istraživanjima i adekvatnoj pažnji javnosti, usevi uzgajani po principima organske proizvodnje i dalje zauzimaju prilično male površine. Certifikovani proizvođači teško se odlučuju na proširenje proizvodnje certifikovanog organskog povrća. Jedan od razloga je nedovoljno razvijena tehnologija gajenja različitih vrsta povrća u skladu sa Zakonom i propisima o organskoj proizvodnji. Združivanje, gajenje postrnih useva i primena mikrobioloških đubriva smatraju se najkorisnijim tehnikama za povećanje prinosa u održivim sistemima zemljoradnje. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se utvrdi mogućnost povećanja prinosa korena cvekle i rotkve gajenih postrno u združenom usevu po metodama organske proizvodnje. Praćeni su efekti združivanja i primene mikrobioloških đubriva na masu korena. Združivanje cvekle i rotkve sa boranijom obavljeno je po metodi zamenjujućih serija. U ogledu su korišćena dva mikrobiološka đubriva od kojih jedno sadrži odabrane sojeve Bacillus megaterium, B. licheniformis, B. suptilis, Azotobacter chrocoocum, A. vinelandi i Derxia sp. (M1), a drugo: Bacillus subtilis, Azotobacter sp., Penicillium oxalicum i Fusarium sp. (M2). Združivanje i mikrobiološka đubriva doprineli su povećanju mase korena. Najveća masa korena zabeležena je u združenom usevu cvekle kod tretmana mikrobiološkim đubrivom M1 (151,8g) i u združenom usevu rotkve kod tretmana mikrobiološkim đubrivom M2 (351,0g), što je bilo za 23,5% i 15,5% više u poređenju sa čistim usevima na tretmanima bez đubrenja. Dobijeni rezultati pokazuju da su uporedo primenjeno združivanje i odgovarajuća mikrobiološka đubriva delotvorna strategija za postizanje većih prinosa cvekle i rotkve u organskom sistemu gajenja.sr
dc.publisherInstitut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31059/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceRatarstvo i povrtarstvo
dc.subjectBeta vulgaris L. var. rubraen
dc.subjectorganic farmingen
dc.subjectintercroppingen
dc.subjectmicrobial fertilizersen
dc.subjectRaphanus sativus Len
dc.subjectBeta vulgaris L. var. rubrasr
dc.subjectorganska proizvodnjasr
dc.subjectzdruživanjesr
dc.subjectmikrobiološka đubrivasr
dc.subjectRaphanus sativus Lsr
dc.titleBeetroot and radish root yield in organic double-cropping production systemen
dc.titlePrinosi korena organske cvekle i rotkve gajenih u čistom i združenom usevusr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY
dc.citation.epage98
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.other57(3): 93-98
dc.citation.rankM24
dc.citation.spage93
dc.citation.volume57
dc.identifier.doi10.5937/ratpov57-26906
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://RIVeC.institut-palanka.rs/bitstream/id/107/208.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_94
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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